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The Time To Accelerate Action Is Now, The Fourth Day Of The 5th Global Conference To Eliminate Child Labour Continued In South Africa – FashionStyleng

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The #EndChildLabour campaign took place at the International Convention on the Rights of the Child (ICC) in Durban, South Africa. The fourth day of the conference was packed with stimulating and enlightening discussions. This hybrid event, with sessions available both in person and online, has attracted nearly 13,000 viewers on the live stream and hundreds more in person since its inception. Attendees can participate in discussions in person and online by submitting questions online. The main message of the day was that actions must be reviewed to eliminate child labor faster and for the better. All discussions will contribute to advancing the Durban call to action.

Starting from the root causes

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The fourth day began with thematic panels, one of which sought to connect civil society organizations. The panelists came from various organizations around the world and all say: ‘We must eliminate child labour, starting with the root causes.’

Emmerance Tuyishime, Acting Executive Director of the Pan-African Farmers Organization, was born and raised in a farming family in Rwanda. She is familiar with the issue of child labor. In response to a question about the distinction between child labor and child labour, a common concern throughout the conference, she said, “Some people say that child labor prepares children for the future,” she said. “However, it is detrimental. Period. It disrupts children’s ability to learn due to heavy work, both mentally and physically.” The main cause of child labor is poverty, not culture, she said. Parents have no choice. “This is w. farmer organizations and development agencies come in, to make sure they have the income to support their families.” And the more eyes that are attentive to child labour, the better.

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Willy Buloso, Regional Coordinator of ECPAT International, spoke about his experiences in monitoring child labor in the tourism industry. He advised that we need to establish a policy for all companies that work in travel and tourism. We must train staff on the subject and add a zero tolerance clause must be added to the contracts.

In the financial sector, development banks are often known for their initiatives against child labour. Agustina Pérez, Senior Associate for Children’s Rights at the Banking Information Center, noted that private banks can also make a difference. “We push banks to do better,” she said both through advocacy and monitoring. We check w. the banks are investing, what the risks are and if t. are measures to prevent child labour.

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Civil society and organizations left the meeting prepared to better align their messages, strengthen collaborations and improve engagement on the issue of child labor.

make connections

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The panel discussion on the central role of social protection in the fight against child labor was led by Cynthia Samuel-Olonjuwon, Deputy Director General and Regional Director for Africa of the International Labor Organization (ILO). The report on Social Protection and Child Labor was launched by the ILO and UNICEF. Followed by a panel discussion with respected experts.

Mohamed Moustapha Malick Fall, UNICEF – Regional Director for Eastern and Southern Africa highlighted that, according to the joint report of the International Labor Organization (ILO) and UNICEF, social protection is a very effective policy. The report mentions the fact that we are at a critical crossroads: the number of children living in poverty is increasing. Some 1.5 billion children, ages 0-14, do not receive family or cash child benefits. This huge protection gap needs to be closed and closed quickly. Addressing social protection will help eliminate child labour. It has to be an all-sector approach.

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See the report – https://bit.ly/3wrGOl4

Indeed, human rights have financial implications. Social protection is not about handouts, but about wealth creation and sustainable and inclusive growth, as summed up by panel moderator Cynthia Samuel-Olonjuwon, Assistant Director-General and Regional Director for Africa at the International Labor Organization (ILO).

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Global networks like Alliance 8.7 are making a difference, but they are not simple mechanisms. And they cannot function without the support of the Global North. Anousheh Karvar, president of Alliance 8.7, said that we need to connect with each other. Partners, civil society, governments, NGOs, everyone. We need to connect between people and countries, through supply chains.

Innovative solutions are needed, it can’t be business as usual!

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empowering youth

Thematic panels later in the day focused on decent work for youth, delving into ways we can better support 15-24 year olds in their transition to decent work. This is especially important for youth who have experienced hazardous employment or occupational health and safety risks.

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“Young people may have skills that are not recognized or certified,” said Jacqueline Mugo, Executive Director and CEO of the Federation of Kenya Employers, General Secretary. It was also mentioned that it is necessary to validate the skills of young people. Governments must ensure that young people have skills that are relevant to the specific needs of their respective economies. Young people working in informal jobs and small businesses will need additional support and should not be left out of the conversation.

Tshilidzi Marwala, Vice-Chancellor and Director of the University of Johannesburg, mentioned the importance of digital skills in particular. She explained that the university recently created a computer literacy course that is also open to the general public, anyone who wants to take it. “With an unemployment rate of 37% in South Africa, due to deindustrialization, t. is no middle ground,” she said. “We have to increase our level of competitiveness in the so-called data economy.”

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Focus on financing

How can we mobilize financial re.s to make the generational investment needed to end child labour? This thematic panel explored this question and touched on topics from public spending to international trade.

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Bobbi Gray, Director of Research at the Grameen Foundation, said one of the key lessons the foundation has learned is to communicate better to change the way financial service providers think about child labour. “It’s such a big issue and it seemed outside the scope of her mandate,” she said. “We really had to change the way we talk about it. We emphasized harmful work and we don’t use the term child labor all the time.”

The increasing limitation of democratic space, freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining in times of crisis contribute to an increased risk of child labour. Children in child labor need strong lobbying. Workers’ organizations, civil society organizations and the media that monitor their situation are essential in alerting authorities to child labor and related child rights violations.

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Other experts mentioned that they strongly believe that more needs to be done to address child labor by being more effective in social dialogue and participation. They also strongly believe that universal social protection is a fundamental pillar for sustainable livelihoods and for #EndChildLabour.

The increasing limitation of democratic space, freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining in times of crisis contribute to an increased risk of child labour. Children in child labor need strong lobbying. Workers’ organizations, civil society organizations and the media that monitor their situation are essential in alerting authorities to child labor and related child rights violations.

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According to the ILO, more than 160 million children worldwide are involved in child labour, with South Africa accounting for less than 600,000 of those affected. The ILO applauds South Africa‘s progress due to the country’s investment in children through its social protection system. They state that South Africa‘s child protection systems are effective compared to other countries because children are enrolled in Early Childhood Development and Basic Education, and the investment in education and the strategy to provide food for children at school are praised. In terms of social assistance, South Africa has the most extensive child support program (grants). When it comes to educational outcomes, especially enrollment, children in this program outperform the national average.

Delegates believe that if we want to eliminate child labour, we must focus on social protection. South Africa is unique in that social protection is a right. South Africa receives the most funding in Africa, followed by Ethiopia.

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The South African Constitution also provides for children to care for themselves in child-headed households. The South African government sends child and youth caregivers to these families so that the children can stay children. These child and youth caregivers visit these children to ensure that they have a father figure and remain children. In the case of orphans, children can be fostered, adopted or placed in a child and youth care center w. they are cared for by the government so that they are not forced to become adults before their time.

In the fight against child labor, the government has been a leader. Child labor is a violation of children’s rights. It also contributes to the perpetuation of a cycle of poverty and exclusion because poor and vulnerable children are more likely to drop out of school to work as child labourers.

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It is everyone’s responsibility to keep children safe. Child labor in any of its forms is unacceptable, and this is a call to all to be vigilant and report cases of child labor at all times. It is everyone’s responsibility to care for the most vulnerable members of society, in particular children, because more needs to be done to prevent the neglect, abuse, violence and exploitation of children. To ensure all children thrive, communities must work together to make them safer and healthier.

For the first time in its history, the 5th World Conference on the Elimination of Child Labor will include a child participation session on May 19, 2022. This is in accordance with the South African Constitution as well as Article 12 of the Convention on Child Labor. the United Nations on the Rights of the Child and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child.

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The children’s session of the conference will include an intergenerational dialogue in which children and politicians will discuss solutions to end child labour. Children from all five ILO regions will participate in the session both physically and virtually.

The conference will conclude on Friday 20 May 2022 with the adoption of a Durban Call to Action program.

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Expand and join the conversation using the hashtag #EndChildLabour

Follow online: www.5thChildLabourConf.org

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See the agenda for the next day: https://bit.ly/3wiez8H

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